Charging Your Electric Car From Clean Renewable Energy
June 14, 2013
Together the Virginia Center for Wind Energy (VCWE) and Virginia Clean Cities (VCC) created a model to examine the costs and benefits of different transportation options with fossil and renewable fuels, to enable informed decision‐making for car buyers. This study is intended to illustrate the economic and environmental benefits of EVs, especially those charged using renewable energy sources.
Clean Cities 2012 Annual Report
April 1, 2013
In 2012, alternative fuel vehicles and fuel economy improvements in Virginia reduced the use of gasoline by 9,188,429 gallons and reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 69,456 tons. These numbers are increases from 2011′s Annual Report of 8,471,311 gallons of gasoline reduced and 57,497 tons of greenhouse gases reduced and are much higher than 2010′s Annual Report of 7,236,621 gallons of gasoline reduced and 40,404 tons of greenhouse gases reduced.
REVi Electric Vehicle Readiness Plan
Adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) is becoming a reality in the Richmond Region and throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia. Virginians spend $13 billion each year on petroleum for transportation. Electricity represents a less expensive, cleaner, and locally generated energy source that also contributes to new economic advantages. The energy industry research group PRTM Management Consultants has estimated that vehicle electrification could represent more than $250 billion in economic development opportunities worldwide by 2020. This estimate considers growth in electricity generation and distribution, grid and infrastructure investments, batteries and their components, vehicle sales, and associated advertising and marketing services.
Making the Switch to Biodiesel
March 13, 2013
Biodiesel is a renewable alternative fuel created from vegetable oils, animal fats, and greases through a chemical process. Biodiesel can be blended at any percentage with petroleum for use in diesel engines (check engine warrantee for recommended blend levels). Biodiesel, which contains oxygen, burns cleaner than petroleum and reduces greenhouse gases (GHGs). Produced in the US, it creates jobs, adds to local and national economies, and decreases dependence on foreign oil imports.
Omni Richmond Hotel Case Study
February 4, 2013
The Omni Richmond Hotel has installed the first charging station at a hotel in Richmond. The $2,000 charging station installed at the Omni Hotel has already paid for itself in revenue generated by guests that have selected the hotel based on access to an electric vehicle charging station during their stay. In addition to successfully generating revenue, the Omni Richmond Hotel looks at the charging station as a way to generate community exposure and reduce the hotel’s environmental impact. The first official plug-in and Business Case for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Forum event hosted by Virginia Clean Cities at the hotel generated a statewide “buzz” about electric vehicle charging stations.
Propane Autogas Police Cars
January 29, 2013
In a world with rising gas prices, it may not seem surprising that many people are now considering the use of alternative fuels as a solution. What may shock you is that propane, chemically the same propane used in grills, is the leading alternative fuel worldwide. However, when propane is used in a vehicle, it is often referred to as propane autogas or simply autogas. Currently, more than 18 million vehicles in the world run on autogas. As more Americans discover that autogas is a cheaper, cleaner fuel that is domestically produced (over 90% in the United States), that number is expected rise.
Virginia Alternate Fuels Report 2012
January 1, 2013
For the year ending December 31, 2012, the Commonwealth of Virginia saw an increase in the number of alternate fuel fleet vehicles by 2.2 percent. The current percentage of alternate fuels used in Virginia fleets is 26.1 percent with a two-year average of 24 percent and a five-year average of 22.7 percent. Usage for all types of alternate fuels increased, but particularly in CNG, flex-fuel E85, and hybrid electric vehicles. Biodiesel and flex-fuel E85 vehicles represent the largest number of tracked alternate fuel fleet vehicles. These vehicles are in service with private business as well as state and federal government agency fleets.
Propane Autogas Fleet Case Study: Carroll County, Georgia
The Carroll County Sheriff’s Office in Georgia, located 50 miles west of downtown Atlanta, began researching options for alternative fuels because major fluctuations in gas prices were drastically hindering their operations. “We were tired of being at the mercy of gas prices, which were continually causing budget problems and affecting our entire fleet and department,” said Carroll County Sheriff Terry Langley. “In one month, our gasoline prices went up by almost $1 per gallon, and that really got us looking into alternatives to gasoline. In the end, propane autogas was the most practical option for us.”
Propane Autogas Fleet Case Study: Spotsylvania County, Virginia
Spotsylvania County is situated midway between Washington, D.C., and Richmond and is one of Virginia’s fastest growing counties. The county has converted 20 sheriff’s cruisers and four school district trucks to run on autogas with a bi-fuel Prins VSI system through SPADP. With its 24 autogas cruisers and trucks, the county will save approximately $70,000 in fuel costs each year, while also displacing more than 60 tons of greenhouse gas emissions. Outside of SPADP, the county also has five Blue Bird school buses that run exclusively on propane autogas.
Site Design for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
Sustainable Transportation Strategies prepared this report to highlight best practices for designing electric vehicle (EV) charging stations those parking spaces where EV supply equipment will be used to charge vehicles. Now that communities are ramping up with installations of EV supply equipment, designers are encountering a host of design issues that are generating creative solutions and mistakes.
Propane Autogas Fleet Case Study: City of Newport News, Virginia
The City of Newport News in Virginia, named one of America’s Top 50 Green Cities by Popular Science Magazine, is committed to implementing environmentally and economically sustainable practices to enhance quality of life for current and future residents. As part of the city initiative, Newport News Vehicle Services Director Bob McElheney says he is always looking for ways to reduce vehicle emissions and fuel costs. When McElheney first learned about the environmental and cost-savings benefits of autogas, he knew that propane autogas was a natural fit for Newport News.
Siting Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
Conventional vehicles have a wide network of gas stations to keep fueled. What do electric vehicles need to ensure comparable predictability? This reports offers guidance on how and where to install equipment to keep electric vehicles powered up and running reliably. The report describes three levels of equipment that will be used to charge battery-powered electric vehicles. All three levels – from simple, low-cost Level 1 electric vehicle supply equipment to DC fast chargers – will be installed to help deploy the range of vehicles that are being introduced.
Clean Cities 2011 Annual Report
March 22, 2012
In 2011, alternative fuel vehicles and fuel economy improvements in Virginia reduced the use of gasoline by 8,471,311 gallons and reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 57,497 tons. These numbers are increases from 2010′s Annual Report of 7,236,621 gallons of gasoline reduced and 40,404 tons of greenhouse gases reduced and are much higher than 2009′s Annual Report of 3,409,004 gallons of gasoline reduced and 8,834 tons of greenhouse gases reduced.
Virginia Alternative Fuels Report 2011
March 22, 2012
For the year ending December 31, 2011, 8,855,000 gallons of alternative fuels were produced and reported by three active biofuel production companies in Virginia. Of this, 2,015,000 gallons were biodiesel, and 840,000 were from ethanol production.The reported feedstock for the biodiesel fuel this year was soybean oil, waste food oils, and canola oil. Ethanol was made primarily from recycling of waste beverages and alcohols. The production for 2011 represents an increase of 648,568 gallons of fuel (an increase of 29% from last 2010’s 2,206,432 gallons).
EV Charging Stations for Persons With Disabilities
February 17, 2012
As our nation develops a network of EV charging stations, we must include access for persons with disabilities and comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). To ensure businesses have resources on proper ways to install charging stations with access for all users, including those with disabilities, Clean Fuels Ohio and Virginia Clean Cities have released “EV Charging for Persons with Disabilities.”
Richmond CNG Case Study
October 31, 2011
As part of the Green Richmond Initiative, the City of Richmond’s Department of Public Utilities and VCC launched a CNG project. The Green Richmond Initiative was launched by the City of Richmond to build on its past efforts and implement new programs to further Mayor Dwight C. Jones’ triple bottom line goals of sustainability. The project has fostered a more efficient use of resources and improved quality of life by reducing the number of refuse trucks required from 37 diesel trucks to 25 CNG trucks, reducing fuel costs, and by lowering emissions.
2011 Plug-In Vehicle Strategic Planning Update
October 31, 2011
This report is designed to provide a snapshot in time for Virginia Electric and Plug-In Vehicle readiness. This is intended as a brief update and addendum to the October 2010 Virginia Get Ready Electric Vehicles plan, and can also be used as a resource for the 2012 Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative final report. This effort encompasses the geographic area of all of Virginia, but can be utilized by regional partners. Portions of this assessment will focus on the greater Richmond Virginia region as a result of clustered planning partners.
Site Selection Checklist
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) site selection is important to an efficient and effective electric vehicle transportation infrastructure. Use this checklist to identify good EVSE site locations.
Choosing Your Chargers
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) is available in three different charging levels. To determine the proper mix of charging stations for your city, consider the costs, time to charge, locations and power requirements of each option and balance your needs with your available budget. Also includes tax breaks, siting considerations, installation costs, safety and maintenace, vehicle communication, and more resources.
Business Case for CNG in Chesapeake Virginia Municipal Fleet
Chesapeake Virginia has 53 vehicles and is considering converting them to use CNG. This case is an economic assessment that was done for a potential future project. Specific variables for the locality were considered, such as purchasing schedule specific fleet costs, and vehicle miles traveled. This document establishes a feasibility scenario for CNG usage in the municipal fleet in Chesapeake by calculating the life cycle cash flow of investing in the vehicles and infrastructure and paying it back through savings in fuel expenditures.
Virginia Alternate Fuels Report 2010
January 10, 2011
For the year ending December 31, 2010, 1,706,432 gallons of alternative fuels were produced and reported by three active biofuel production companies in Virginia.For this reporting year, all of these fuels were biodiesel. The reported feedstock for these fuels was soybean oil, waste food oils, and canola oil. Virginia’s ethanol facilities reported no transportation fuel production for 2010. The production for the year represents a 32% decline of approximately 815,000 gallons of fuel from the 2009 year, where 2,521,354 gallons of alternative fuels (all biodiesel) were produced.
Clean School Bus USA Case Study
March 30, 2010
From March of 2008 to December of 2010, Virginia Clean Cities provided program management and administrative support for the Clean School Bus USA Middle Peninsula Project. The objective of this project was to promote healthful air, especially for student riders, by reducing diesel exhaust emissions from school buses in Virginia’s Middle Peninsula and Piedmont region through the deployment of alternative fuels and technologies paired with a concentrated outreach and education campaign.
Virginia Get Ready Initial Electric Vehicle Plan
October 13, 2010
The Virginia Get Ready Roundtable met on May 18, 2010. Following this, stakeholders continued to plan for upcoming electric vehicles.
Biodiesel: Fuel Quality Best Management Practices
Biodiesel preparedness, biodiesel blending practices, cold weather handling, ASTM, BQ9000, and administrative to-do’s for biodiesel distributors, marketers and users. This guide was compiled by Virginia Clean Citie swith support from the Virginia Department of Mines, Mineral and Energy. Much of the content was adapted from the National Biodiesel Board, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, the National Oilheat Research Alliance, Virginia regulatory agencies with jurisdiction over biodiesel use, distribution and production, and opinions of Virginia biodiesel producers, distributors, marketers and users.
Dragon Run Biodiesel Project
March 31, 2007
Virginia Clean Cities was contracted by the MPPDC to continue further exploration of biodiesel market viability and present recommendations based on survey summaries and stakeholder interest detailing potential to fulfill the goal to provide sustainable natural resource-based economic benefit to the watershed community centered around the use and production of biodiesel as a cleaner, healthier, domestic alternative to fossil fuel.
Building a Hydrogen Economy in Virginia
September 12, 2006
Fuel cells and hydrogen are regarded as usable, long-term technologies for energy security. This report summarizes a series of roundtable discussions that suggest ideas of how to build a hydrogen economy in Virginia.
Biodiesel Implementation – Arlington County, Virgnia
Arlington County implemented B20 biodiesel as a means to reduce the environmental impact diesel vehicles were having in the county. The impetus came from calls from citizens about the exhaust plume above the school bus parking during morning start-up and the visible exhaust from heavy vehicles such as fire trucks. The effort had the support of the County Board. Arlington’s fleet management team prepared for the first delivery of B20 by cleaning storage tanks, adding fuel dispenser filters, and educating drivers on the potential for fuel filter clogging during the early stages of the cut-over. In September of 2001, the county received its first shipment of B20.